With the design of his Bauhaus chess set, Hartwig, who was a master of wood and stone sculpture, met all the requirements that Gropius had placed on an object: practical, durable, inexpensive and beautiful. The figures are reduced to crosses, squares and circles that consistently reveal the directions of play.

Portrait of Josef Hartwig, photo: Hermann Eckner, 1921–1925. in: Wingler, H.-M. (1962): Das Bauhaus 1919–1933, Weimar Dessau Berlin und die Nachfolge in Chicago seit 1937, Bramsche, p. 256.
Portrait of Josef Hartwig, photo: Hermann Eckner, 1921–1925. in: Wingler, H.-M. (1962): Das Bauhaus 1919–1933, Weimar Dessau Berlin und die Nachfolge in Chicago seit 1937, Bramsche, p. 256.

Josef Hartwig completed an apprenticeship as a stonemason from 1893 to 1897. As early as 1897, when he was just 17 years old, he worked on the interior design of the well-known Elvira photo studio in Munich, which was designed by August Endell. He studied under Balthasar Schmidt and others at the Munich academy from 1904 to 1908. From 1914, he worked as a stonemason in Berlin (gravestones).

Owl, author: Josef Hartwig, 1922. Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.
Owl, author: Josef Hartwig, 1922. Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.

As a master of works in the stone and wood sculpture workshop, he worked at the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar from 1921 to 1925. During this time, he collaborated with Oskar Schlemmer on the interior design of the Bauhaus Building and designed the Bauhaus Chess Set in 1923. Other works from this era include the sculpture 'Owl' of 1922. After the Bauhaus closed in Weimar, Hartwig went on to the school of art in Frankfurt and taught sculpture there until 1945. During the National Socialist era in Germany he was a member of the NSDAP. He worked as a master in the restoration workshop of the Städtische Skulpturengalerie (municipal sculpture gallery) in Frankfurt am Main until his death in 1956.

Bauhaus Chess Set (Model XVI), author: Josef Hartwig, 1924. Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.
Bauhaus Chess Set (Model XVI), author: Josef Hartwig, 1924. Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.

Literature:
Bothe, Rolf et al. (1994): Das frühe Bauhaus und Johannes Itten, Ostfildern-Ruit.
Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin (2003): Bauhaus-Möbel. Eine Legende wird besichtigt, Berlin.