Mock-up for the 'Monument to the Victims of the March Putsch', design: Walter Gropius, Weimar 1921. Klassik Stiftung Weimar / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.
Mock-up for the 'Monument to the Victims of the March Putsch', design: Walter Gropius, Weimar 1921. Klassik Stiftung Weimar / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.

In 1920, Walter Gropius submitted his 'lightning strike' as 'symbol of the living spirit' for a competition tendered by the Städtisches Museum Weimar. The 'Monument to the Victims of the March Putsch' was designed to commemorate the victims of the Kapp Putsch of March 1920. Two years later, Gropius’s monument was erected in the main cemetery in Weimar.

Literature:
Ocón Fernández, María (2009): Politics and Abstraction. The Monument to the Victims of the March Putsch Designed by Walter Gropius, in: Bauhaus-Archiv/ Museum für Gestaltung, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation and Klassik Stiftung Weimar (publ.): Bauhaus. A Conceptual Model, Ostfildern, p. 77ff.