Bauhaus Chess Set (Model XVI), author: Josef Hartwig, 1924 / photo: Gunter Lepkowski. Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.
Bauhaus Chess Set (Model XVI), author: Josef Hartwig, 1924 / photo: Gunter Lepkowski. Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.

Josef Hartwig‘s chess set (Model XVI) fulfilled Walter Gropius’s requirement that an object must be practical, durable, inexpensive and beautiful. Hartwig, master of works at the Weimar wood and stone sculpture workshop, reduced the forms of his chess set to crosses, squares and circles, which consistently demonstrate the playing direction of the figures.

Literature:
Bernhard, Peter (2009):
“Constructivism and ‘Essence Research’ in Design: The Bauhaus Chess Set” in: Bauhaus: A Conceptual Model, publ. by Bauhaus-Archiv / Museum für Gestaltung, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation and Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Exhibition Catalogue, Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz, pg. 185ff.
Bobzin, Anne / Weber, Klaus (2006): Das Bauhaus-Schachspiel von Josef Hartwig / The Bauhaus Chess Set by Josef Hartwig Berlin: Bauhaus-Archiv.