Colour Sphere in 7 Light Values and 12 Tones, author: Johannes Iden, Weimar 1921, in: Adler, Bruno: Utopia. Dokumente der Wirklichkeit. Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.
Colour Sphere in 7 Light Values and 12 Tones, author: Johannes Iden, Weimar 1921, in: Adler, Bruno: Utopia. Dokumente der Wirklichkeit. Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2016.

Complementary colours placed schematically opposite one another form the basis for Itten’s colour wheel, which was published in 1921 in the almanac Utopia. 'Dokumente der Wirklichkeit' (Utopia. Documents of Reality). Itten was clearly influenced by his interest in Philipp Otto Runge’s 'Farbenkugel' (colour wheel), and the studies of Josef Matthias Hauer.

Literature:
Schimma, Sabine (2009): The Living Power of Colours. The Colour Theories at the Weimar Bauhaus, in: Ackermann, Ute & Ulrike Bestgen (eds.): Das Bauhaus kommt aus Weimar, Berlin/Munich.