Those looking for traces of modernism in Lower Saxony, will not only find these in Alfeld and Celle, but also in Hannover, Goslar and Oldenburg.

Director's House, architecture: Otto Haesler, 1930–31, restoration 2005 / photo: unknown, 2015. Stadtarchiv Celle.
Director's House, architecture: Otto Haesler, 1930–31, restoration 2005 / photo: unknown, 2015. Stadtarchiv Celle.

The Fagus factory in Alfeld is perceived as the origin of modern industrial architecture and is the precursor for the Bauhaus building in Dessau. The factory, designed by Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage list since 2011. The above-ground ore mines by Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer in Goslar – which are exemplary for New Architecture – are also UNESCO-World Heritage sites.

With the Altstädter School, the director’s residence, as well as the housing estates Italian Garden, Georgsgarten and the Blumläger Feld, the architect Otto Haesler executed significant examples of New Architecture in Celle. On the occasion of the Bauhaus Centenary 2019, the Otto Haesler Stiftung honours him with the exhibition “Otto Haesler. New Architecture in Celle“. In 2019 the Museum August Kestner in Hannover will focus on the dances developed by the Bauhaus that still are considered to be amazingly modern today; the Kestner Gesellschaft will address the Bauhaus’ influence on the present and the Sprengel Museum Hannover will show the work of the famous photographer and Bauhaus student Umbo. The Landesmuseum für Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte in Oldenburg will present the professional biographies of various Bauhaus students. The Felix-Nussbaum-House in Osnabrück unfolds the history of the Bauhaus wallpaper – the best-selling Bauhaus product.

 

UNESCO World Heritage Site Fagus Factory in Alfeld, architecture: Walter Gropius, 1911. Fagus-GreCon
UNESCO World Heritage Site Fagus Factory in Alfeld, architecture: Walter Gropius, 1911. Fagus-GreCon

Visiting modernism

Fagus Factory
UNESCO World Heritage, Architects: Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer (1911–14)
Hannoversche Straße 58, 31061 Alfeld (Leine)

Otto Haesler Museum
Architect: Otto Haesler (1924–31)
Rauterbergweg 1, 29221 Celle

Rammelsberg
UNESCO World Heritage, Architects for the above-ground facilities: Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer (1936)
Bergtal 19, 38640 Goslar

 

Above-ground mining facilities, Rammelsberg, architecture: Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer, 1936 / photo: unknown, 2009. World Cultural Heritage Site Rammelsberg
Above-ground mining facilities, Rammelsberg, architecture: Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer, 1936 / photo: unknown, 2009. World Cultural Heritage Site Rammelsberg

Experiencing modernism

The Federal State of Lower Saxony is preparing a variety of contributions for the Bauhaus Centenary 2019, for example:

“The Bauhaus in Oldenburg”
Exhibition on the survival of the Bauhaus ideas after 1933.
Oldenburg State Museum
Schloßpatz 1, 26122 Oldenburg

“Otto Umbehr / Umbo (1902-1980)”
Exhibition about the photographer 2019
Sprengel Museum Hannover
Kurt-Schwitters-Platz, 30169 Hannover

More on the activities and the Federal State’s connections to the Bauhaus can be found here.