The world-famous Bauhaus icons: the Bauhaus experienced its prime in Dessau between 1925 and 1932. The Bauhaus building and the Complex of Masters’ Houses have been classified as UNESCO-World Heritage sites since 1996 and the Laubenganghäuser (Houses with Balcony Access) have been nominated as World Heritage site.

Prellerhaus, Bauhaus building, photo: Yvonne Tenschert, 2010. Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau.
Prellerhaus, Bauhaus building, photo: Yvonne Tenschert, 2010. Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau.

In 1925 the Bauhaus moved from Weimar to the aspiring industrial city of Dessau. Here Gropius constructed the school building, which is today a world-renowned icon of modernism. Visitors can also have a meal in the historic canteen of the Bauhaus building or stay overnight in the studio building, just as the Bauhauslers did at the time.

The complex of Masters’ Houses Gropius constructed for the Bauhaus teachers became one of the most important artist colonies of modernism. Artists such as Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Oskar Schlemmer, Lyonel Feininger, Georg Muche or Anni and Joseph Albers used to live here. Since 2014 the ensemble has been complemented by the new Masters’ Houses Gropius and Moholy-Nagy. The Berlin architects Bruno Fioretti Marquez (BFM) used an “architecture of imprecision” for the rebuilding of the two houses that had been destroyed during the war.

The Laubenganghäuser (Houses with Balcony Access) by Hannes Meyer have been “nominated” as world heritage site. The five residential buildings were developed as collective planning by the Bauhaus’ building department under the leadership of the second director Hannes Meyer. Together with the School of the Federation of German Trade Unions (ADGB) in Bernau the buildings are the only remaining architectures of this collaboration. The application for World Heritage site status was submitted in 2016. The decision will be reached in 2017.

 

Masters' Houses, architecture: Walter Gropius, 1926 / photo: Christoph Petras, 2011. Bauhaus Kooperation Berlin Dessau Weimar.
Masters' Houses, architecture: Walter Gropius, 1926 / photo: Christoph Petras, 2011. Bauhaus Kooperation Berlin Dessau Weimar.

Visiting a World Heritage site

Bauhaus Building Dessau
Architect: Walter Gropius (1925/26)
Gropiusallee 38, 06846 Dessau-Roßlau

Masters' Houses Dessau 
Architect: Walter Gropius (1925/26)
Ebertallee 59–71, 06846 Dessau-Roßlau

Housing with Balcony Access (applied for UNESCO World Heritage status)
Architect: Hannes Meyer with the Bauhaus building department (1930)
Peterholzstraße 40 / 48 / 56, Mittelbreite 6 / 14, 06849 Dessau-Roßlau

 

Housing with Balcony Access, photo: Yvonne Tenschert, 2012. Bauhaus Dessau Foundation.
Housing with Balcony Access, photo: Yvonne Tenschert, 2012. Bauhaus Dessau Foundation.